Just like with factory ammo, there are a BUNCH of different .308″ bullets for reloaders to choose from. I have a .308 for longrange use! But it’ll come close. I like the 178 gr range for factory ammo in a gas 308. Once this stay in place order for Michigan is over, I’ll be picking up a Browning 81 Stainless Laminate BLR in .358, can’t wait. I struggle with consistency. ST, 900 Ehlen Dr., Anoka, MN 55303; 800-322-2342; www.federalcartridge.com) points out that the new .338 Federal cartridge has increased velocity over the .308 cartridge and heavier bullet weights.In addition, it produces muzzle energy that is greater than a .30-06 and is right up there in competition with the 7mm Magnum. Many would also throw the 35 Whelen into that same argument. In fact, that cartridge is certainly one of the Top 10 best selling rifle cartridges in the United States each year, if not in the Top 5. I own two and have hunted with .308 Win. In this article, I’m going to do a detailed comparison of the 338 Federal vs 308 Winchester vs 358 Winchester in order parse out the differences between those three cartridges so you can make an informed decision regarding which one will work best for you. Unfortunately, the .358 Winchester cartridge never really took off with the general hunting community. The .338 Federal cartridge is based off of the .308 Winchester and uses the same receivers, bolt and magazines as its parent cartridge without any loss in capacity. Ogre6br. Mag. 200 grain loads are most popular for that cartridge. 338 Federal vs 308 Winchester vs 358 Winchester For Big Game Hunting. This one’s my hands-down favorite of all the .338 rounds. I went with the 338 Federal. The .338 Federal fires a 210-grain bullet at 2600 fps, and 180- and 185-grain bullets at 150 to 200 fps faster. One thing to consider when selecting hunting bullets for the .338 Federal is that most bullets available in .338 … The data used to compare the trajectory and wind drift of the cartridges was obtained from Buffalo Bore (here), Federal (here, here, and here) and Hornady (here). Typical 200gr .338 Federal factory loads have a trajectory that’s virtually identical to 180gr .308 Winchester factory loads, but the loads for the Federal cartridge also have more kinetic energy all the way out past 500 yards. Winchester unveiled the cartridge we now know as the .308 Winchester in 1952. The price was right $399.00! caliber rifles for nearly 50 years and taken a lot of whitetails. Therefore, for all intents and purposes, we can treat all three cartridges as though they have the same maximum pressure. I used Nosler’s own reloading data published online for the .308 and .358 Winchester (available here and here) and Hornady data for the .338 Federal (p651 of the 10th Edition Hornady Reloading Manual). The .338 Federal and especially the .308 Winchester have a pretty manageable amount of recoil that most shooters and hunters should be able to handle without too much trouble. Most hunters and shooters in North America are probably familiar with the .308 Winchester cartridge as well as cartridges like the .243 Winchester and 7mm-08 Remington that are descended from it. A nice , comprehensive article on these great calibers. The .308 Winchester is by far the most popular out of the bunch. The .338 Federal was initially offered in rifles manufactured by Sako. The.338 Federal is an effective and efficient deer and hog cartridge and a very good elk and moose cartridge. With that in mind, typical .358 Winchester loads have more kinetic energy than typical .308 Winchester hunting loads out to around 100-200 yards, but the faster and more aerodynamic .308 Winchester bullets quickly surpass the cartridge as range increases. .340 Weatherby Magnum. The Big Game Hunting Blog is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.ca, Amazon.com.au, and other Amazon stores worldwide. The max loads for 308 an 338 fed in my books show 308/180 @ 2661fps 338/180 @ 2682fps That is a 21 fps advantage with a bullet of inferior SD With 200's my loading manuals show 308/200 @2514 fps 338/200 @2545 fps A 31 fps advantage, once again with an inferior SD. Re: AR-10 Platform 308 winchester vs 338 Federal? TBT loads are within 0.3 inch of drop with 200-yard zeroes. Description; Additional information •LOWER RECEIVER: DSP AR-10 Gen 3, Billet Lower, 7075-T6 Aluminum, with Enhanced Flared Magazine Well. Absolutely awesome gun. offers a decided advantage. Thanks for your support. That reason, combined with the relative scarcity of .358 Winchester factory ammo, makes that cartridge an especially appealing choice for handloaders. The 7.62x51mm NATO had virtually the same ballistics as the original .30-06 Springfield load (150 grain bullet at 2,700 feet per second) and also fired a .308″ bullet. Think of it as a .308 that uses .338 bullets instead of .30-caliber bullets, and close to the .338-06, except that this … The potential is there without losing a shoulder in the process. The caliber is capable of producing better than 3,000 foot-pounds of energy and, since it is based on the.308, brass is widely available. Over the years, Ruger, Kimber, and Tikka (among others) have all produced rifles in that chambering. Check out the article below. I am really surprised that it hasn’t garnered more attention. However, both .308 loads use more aerodynamic bullets and have a higher muzzle velocity, so they have a flatter trajectory and surpass the .358 Winchester in the energy department as they travel downrange. I think the exact same thing could be said of the 308 family. The .338 Federal was released in collaboration with the Sako rifle company of Finland. These rifles utilize our lightweight, in-house machined BILLet-AR receivers and Wilson Combat Match-grade barrels. The .358 Winchester uses the same .358″ (9.1mm) diameter bullets as other .35 caliber cartridges like the .35 Remington, the .35 Whelen, the .350 Remington Magnum, and the .358 Norma Magnum. Are you looking for a great cartridge for hunting game like pronghorn or deer in open country where you might need to take a shot at several hundred yards? One thing to consider when selecting hunting bullets for the .338 Federal is that most bullets available in .338 … I ordered Buffalo Bore and Hornady ammo and went to the range. Especially for shots inside 200 yards, both cartridges are excellent choices for bigger game with their larger diameter and heavier bullets. For comparison, the 180-grain.338 Federal load is about 200 fps faster than a standard 180-grain.308 Winchester load. (Ron Spomer/) Clearly, the .338 Federal is a strong contender as a black bear cartridge. Mag. It carries more energy than a .308 and shoots about as flat. The fundamental specifications and dimensions of the.308 case remain the same, meaning the.338 Federal brass can easily be formed from.308 Winchester brass. While there is a large amount of overlap in their capabilities, each one does offer certain advantages. The .338 Federal came out a few years ago, and it's based on a .308 case, so it can be used in short actions like the .308, .243, etc. The 338 would be really cool however the 358 intrigues me. The cartridge is simply the .308 Winchester necked up to hold .338-inch bullets, and will fit perfectly in a short-action receiver. Unlike short magnums, it doesn't require a wide magazine box, so … I usually loaded 250gr Speer Hot Core bullets at max loads. TITAN DSP AR-10 .338 FEDERAL $ 2,879.99. Outdoor Life may receive financial compensation for products purchased through this site. Extension fit very snug into receiver witch is a good thing. Availability - A quick check at midwayusa.com shows 10 pages of .308 and 8 pages of 30-06 and only 1 page of .338 2. rifles , a 7MM-08, a 30-06 and a 7MM Rem. That said however, a few years ago I became interested in the .338 Federal caliber and researched it’s ballistics and performance in the field. While the 150gr .308 Winchester load does have a somewhat flatter trajectory than the .338 Federal, the .338 Federal has virtually the same trajectory as the 180gr .308 Winchester load and has substantially more kinetic energy than both .308 loads from the muzzle out to 500 yards. But there are more .338 Win. In fact, at longer range, the .308 Winchester is a better choice as the advantage the .338 Federal has in kinetic energy narrows considerably and the advantages the .308 Winchester has in terms of trajectory and wind drift become more pronounced. Mag., these days I take one of the .338 Federal caliber rifles. The 338 Federal for sure answers the bell in regards to taking its parent round to another level as does its stable mate the tried and … The .338 Federal, a necked-up .308, is just one year in circulation at this writing. The .243 Winchester, .260 Remington, and 7mm-08 Remington are among the most popular cartridges descended from the .308 Winchester these days and use a modified .308 Winchester case necked down to 6mm (.243″), 6.5mm (.264″), and 7mm (.284″) respectively. Paper ballistics don’t tell the whole story when it comes to 35 calibers. The .308 Winchester uses .308″ bullets, the .338 Federal uses .338″ bullets, and the .358 Winchester uses .358″ bullets. All rights reserved. Don’t let the “.340” fool you. You need to carefully analyze your potential needs and choose the one (338 Federal vs 308 Winchester vs 358 Winchester) that you think will fit them best. While I could chose from a variety of deer rifles in my cabinet including the two aforementioned .308 Win. Copyright © 2020 Outdoor Life. The lead bullets seem to have more of a bang/ flop result though. I’m only aware of three options for factory loaded .358 Winchester ammunition at this point: a 200gr InterLock Spire Point as part of the Hornady Custom Ammunition line, a 225gr Sierra SPTZ-BT from Buffalo bore, and a 225gr Barnes TSX from Buffalo Bore. Half of a Gun, and a Life Lesson, On Christmas Morning, Worth the Wait: It Took 10 Years, but a Mother-Daughter Team Finally Killed Two Massive Colorado Mule Deer, 10 Early Ice Fishing Walleye Tactics That Will Put You on the Bite, The Ultimate Guide to Tanning Wild Game Pelts and Hides, Tomahawks Are Back: These American Relics Have Seen a Resurgence in Military and Survival Situations, Drilling for Oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Two Perspectives from Alaskan Outdoorsmen, How to Wax-Pluck a Wild Goose for Christmas Dinner, Hunting Giant Alaska Black Bears with Old-School Recurve Bows and Sidelocks, A Deadly Virus Is Spreading Among Wild Rabbits and Hares. For instance, the .338 Federal load above (200 grain bullet at 2,700fps) has 3,217 ft-lbs of muzzle energy. All other things being equal, a bigger bullet will make a bigger hole, cause more tissue damage, and result in more blood loss. In terms of ballistics, the larger .338 Win. The shared heritage of the .308 Winchester, .338 Federal, and .358 Winchester are obvious in the photo below. Do you want a cartridge well suited to hunt large game like elk, moose, red stag, or kudu in North American or on an Africa or New Zealand hunting safari? I’m more interested in 185 and 200 grain projectiles so…. The 338 Federal for sure answers the bell in regards to taking its parent round to another level as does its stable mate the tried and true 358 Winchester(I put that in there for you Beartooth)! It’s amazing what it will do to a bunch of milk jugs lined up. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 9 of 9 Posts. For that reason, pretty much every ammunition manufacturer of note like Barnes, Browning, Federal Premium, Fiocchi, Hornady, Nosler, Remington, Swift, Weatherby, and Winchester (just to name a few) produces a wide variety of ammo for the .308 Win. Thanks for your informative article. The Browning BLR, which is the most popular rifle chambered in .358 Winchester these days is quite a bit lighter at only 6.5 pounds. I don't think any game animal will tell the difference inside 300 yards. I used the Hornady Ballistic calculator and ShootersCalculator.com to compare trajectory, wind drift, and recoil for the cartridges. The .358 Winchester uses the largest diameter bullets of the bunch and has a frontal surface area of .1007 square inches. Hi John, I really enjoyed the article. Among many others, Browning X-Bolt, CZ-550, Kimber Hunter, Mossberg Patriot, Nosler M48, the Remington Model 700, Ruger American, Ruger Hawkeye, Savage 11/111, Tikka T3X, Weatherby Mark V and Vanguard, the Winchester Model 70, and the Winchester XPR are all available in .308 Winchester. Do you primarily hunt medium sized game animals like deer, feral hogs, or black bear at ranges within 200 yards? John. Sako 85 Gray Wolf in 338 Federal. The .308 Winchester is no slouch though, especially when using heavy, premium quality bullets (like the Nosler Partition). The .338 Federal is a powerful cartridge, but it is overshadowed by the short-action magnums, and has yet to prove it is here to stay. I picked up a Ruger American Predator in 358 Winchester this past June, Ruger made a special run of 400 rifles. I have seen some 160 grain loads pushing 3100 fps without pressure issues using TAC powder. It has dropped my last two bears with authority. The AR10 can be a tac driver or a 2+ MOA rifle. .308, although I don't have anything against 30-06. John, I have a tikka t3 in 338 federal and i love it. On my way out of the gun shop, I picked up an older Bushnell Banner 1.5×4 for $29.99. Should work great for elk, limited to 250 yards or so. Maximum pressure obtained from SAAMI (p19 and 31). But there are more .338 Win. Are just itching to take a rifle chambered in one of these cartridges on a hunt? Add to cart. Though the .30-06 remains quite popular among big game hunters, the .308 Winchester has steadily grown in popularity over the ensuing decades as well and is now also one of the most popular and commonly used centerfire rifle cartridges in the world. 3. As of late 2019, the company produces .338 Federal ammunition as part of their Federal Fusion (200gr Fusion Soft Point), Trophy Bonded (200gr Trophy Bonded Tip), Power Shok (200gr Nosler Ballistic Tip), Trophy Copper (200gr Trophy Copper), American Eagle (185gr Jacketed Soft Point), and Federal Fusion MSR (185gr Fusion Soft Point) rifle ammunition lines. Since you can only cram so much powder in a .308 case it will not open up very much at .308 velocities. The Lyman 50th Edition (p241-245, 290-291, 311-312), Speer Number 10 (p290-292), and Hornady 10th Edition (p474-484, 650-652, 686-688) reloading manuals were used as references for the history of the cartridges. Book an excellent African safari hunt here. 338 federal is the same case as 308 the 338 lapua is a very large case about the same capacity as the 300 rem ultra mag. Most loads for the cartridge also carry more energy downrange than typical .358 Winchester loads, but not quite as much as the .338 Federal. Currently, Savage and Wilson Combat are the two primary options for hunters wanting a new bolt action rifle or carbine chambered in .338 Federal. Developed in 2006 by Federal and Sako, the .338 Federal packs a powerful punch while remaining easy on the shoulder. In addition to all being excellent choices for deer sized game, these cartridges are also suitable for bigger creatures under the right circumstances. OP, you will love the .338 Federal and IMO an excellent choice for your uses. To qualify statements, the the .338 Federal was promoted as having more muzzle energy than the .30-06 and that the .338 generated 200fps more velocity than the parent .308 Winchester cartridge with bullets of equal weight. It has also shot some large groups. Many would also throw the 35 Whelen into that same argument. This is not too surprising though considering that the .338 Federal is firing a 200gr bullet 100 fps faster than the .308 is firing a 180gr bullet. If not, then you should probably stay away from the .358 Winchester (unless you’re fine with just a couple brands as factory ammo options) and go with either the .338 Federal or .308 Winchester. The first is to rebarrel to .308. Happy hunting, Go with the .308 Winchester if you want the cheapest or easiest to find factory ammo or if you’re sensitive to recoil. Undeterred by the fate of the .358 Winchester, Federal took a stab at building a new cartridge using a necked up .308 Winchester case in the early 2000s. Opening day Michigan deer season, Ellsworth. This helps support the blog and allows me to continue to create free content that’s useful to hunters like yourself. The 180 grain .308 Winchester load comes out on top here, followed by the 150 grain .308 Winchester load, which is in turn followed closely by the .338 Federal load. It was created by Federal Cartridge and Sako in 2006 and intended as a big game cartridge with reasonable recoil for lightweight rifles. I was pleased with the outcome. On the other hand, the .338 Federal factory ammo is normally offered with either 185 grain or 200 grain bullets. Formally released in 2006, the .338 Federal was the first cartridge to bear the Federal name. It is a pretty light rifle. 200-grain Fusions are my medicine of choice, although I will be using their VitalShok rounds this fall. The following ammunition cartridge ballistics information and chart can be used to approximately compare .308 Winchester vs .338 Lapua Magnum ammo rounds. Think of it as a .308 that uses .338 bullets instead of .30-caliber bullets, and close to the .338-06, except that this … Are you sensitive to recoil? Hornady produced 1and 1/4 inch groups at 100 yards and Buffalo Bore produced no kidding 1/2 inch groups at 100 yards. How is it possible for this caliber in the same basic case out perform in virtually every meaningful category both the .308 Win and bigger .358 Win.? Indeed, the .358 Winchester was one of the first cartridges designed using a modified .308 Winchester case while the .338 Federal is a relatively new SAAMI standardized rifle cartridge. For the game and ranges you are discussing the .338 Federal and .338-06 are both excellent choices and both better than a 7mm-08. Built on the .308 case and “necked-up” to hold a .338-diameter bullet, the load offers hunters a faster muzzle velocity than traditional favorites like the .308 Win., with a heavier bullet to boot. DSP AR-10 in 7.62MM/.308FEDERAL. As you can see, the three cartridges are extremely similar in appearance: they have the same rim diameter, the same case length, and the same 20 degree shoulder angle. I found an unused DPMS .338 federal barrel and installed it on a SAA upper (couldn’t find a DPMS at the time plus the SSA is an immaculate piece of gunmetal). Finally picked up my Savage MSR 10 in 338 Federal. Though it’s not readily available as factory ammunition, many reloading manuals have loads for up to 250 grain bullets. To me, this gun gives the maximum amount of power for the minimum amount of pain. Ok, now lets get back to the .338 Federal vs 308 Winchester vs 358 Winchester discussion. As you can see, the .308 Winchester has the least recoil out of the bunch, with recoil progressively increasing with the .338 Federal, and .358 Winchester. Go with the .358 Winchester or .338 Federal if you want the hardest hitting cartridge. Though most hunters should be able to handle the recoil of the .338 Federal and .358 Winchester, the .308 Winchester has the least recoil of the bunch. If you're wanting a .338 in an AR platform, take a look at the Bad News Lapua from onlylongrange.com. Load development work in the Nosler lab showed it … Buy some great .338 Fed hunting ammo here. How fast are you pushing those 250gr bullets? I have carried a Ruger Hawkeye in .358 with me in the field for the last 11 years. Still, I would not call the recoil objectionable at all. And despite the .338 RCM's impressive numbers, the .338 Federal is no slouch. Even though only one company manufactures .338 Federal ammo at this point, it’s not too difficult to find. The case length of the .338 Federal is 2.015” where the 8.6 Creedmoor case is 1.685” in length. Perfect bullet expansion. .338 Federal The .338 Federal combines sensible, low recoil with plenty of reach. The box rated them for 2700 fps but I’m actually getting 2750 consistently. The rifle situation is very similar to the ammunition situation with these cartridges: .308 Winchester is by far the most popular with the .338 Federal and .358 Winchester, in that order, following far behind the .308. Instead of necking the case down to use a smaller bullet though, the designers at Winchester opted to use a .308 Winchester case necked up to .35 caliber. 1. 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